Fact About Distt Sitapur
Sitapur as the name depicts, was established by the king Vikarmaditya after the name of Lord Ram's wife Sita. This place is concerned with ancient, medieval and modern history. This is a land of seer and sufis. Purans were written by Rishi Ved Vyas on this holi land. According to Hindu mythology the 'Panch Dham Yatra' journey of five main religious Hindu places will not be completed without visiting the Neemsar or Naimisharanya, a religious ancient place in Sitapur. Dargah of Hazrat Makhdoom sb. at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony.The contribution of Sitapur cannot be avoided in social, historical, political and literary field in the country. Many freedom fighters gave their life to free India from British rule. Capt. Manoj Pandey sacrificed his life in Kargil War -1999 and honored his birth place with Param Veer Chakra. The Sitapur Eye Hospital along with its 32 branch hospitals is serving eye patients throughout Uttar Pradesh and providing sight to visually challenged peoples. Ilasia Park, Mahaveer Park, Sarojini Vatika are the main gardens of the city. Vaidehi Vatika, Shahid Capt. Manoj Pandey monument and Shaurya Stambh are also important symbols of the city.The Cotton and Woolen mats (Duries) are famous in India and also being exported abroad.The City is situated on the river bank of 'Sarayan', at Lucknow-Delhi National Highway No-24, 89 Km. from state capital Lucknow, and on meter gauge Railway line from Lucknow to Bareilly via Lakhimpur and Pilibhit. Sitapur is also connected on broad gauge train network connecting Gorakhpur and Delhi via Gonda,Burhwal bypassing Lucknow and Hardoi. Whole district is divided into six tehsils - Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmoodabad and Sidhauli. There are 19 blocks, two parliamentary constituencies (Sitapur, Mishrikh (SC)) and nine assembly constituencies ( Sewta, Biswan, Mahmoodabad, Sidhauli(SC), Laharpur, Sitapur, Hargaon(SC), Mishrikh and Maholi). Total population of the district is 28.57 Lacs and the area is 5743 Sq. Km. There are 2348 Census Villages and 1329 Gram Panchayats in the district.
Capt. Manoj Pandey, Raja Todar Mal, Kavi Narottam Das, Achary Narendra Dev, Maulana Fazle Haq Khairabadi, Riaz Khairabadi, Jawala Parsad Warq
Parks and Picknic Spots
· Ilasiya Bal Vanodyan (Ilasia Park)
· Mahaveer Udyan (Tikunia park)
· Sarojini Vatika
· Vaidehi Vatika
· Neelgaon Picnic spot
Geography & Demographics of Sitapur
Like many other places, festivals in Sitapur are celebrated with great enthusiasm and sentiment. The Teej festival, popular among Hindus, comes after the new moon in the month of Shravan (Late July- August). Women bond together in joyous groups, sitting on swings and singing melodious songs. The famous kite flying ceremony during Basant Panchami is celebrated here with great pomp and delight and the sky is made vibrant with diamond-shaped, colourful, silhouettes. Navaratri, Dussehra, and Diwali are among other festivals which are celebrated with exuberance in Sitapur. The days that mark these festivities witness a great number of devotees and pilgrims from across the country visiting Sitapur.
Historical Political Background:-
District Sitapur is famous in India due to its mythological & historical background. There is no official description for its name but as the traditional sayings Sitapur is referred as Lord Ram's wife Sita. It is said that she stayed with Lord Ram at this place during a pilgrimage. Afterwards, King Vikramaditya established this city in the memory of Sita, gave the place the name, Sitapur. According to the Abul Fazal's Aaina Akbari this place was called Chatyapur or Chitiapur during the reign of Akbar.According to ancient history, this place was included in the Kingdom of Shingunags of Magadh, after the Kaushal Naresh son Bidudabh. After the fall of Nanda & Mauryas this area came into the power of Shunga dynasty. Some clay statues of Shunga style were found in tehsil Sidhauli. Similarly, some small statues of Gupta period were found in Badesar tehsil Mishrik.Holy place of Naimisharanya, situated on the left bank of Gomti, is a pilgrimage where Maharishi Ved Vyas created Purans. There are signs of a large University in post Vedic period where 88000Rishis gained knowledge of Shastras. Shaunakji was the Vice Chancellor of this University. Pandhavas came to Naimish during exile. Lord Ram & Sita bathed at this pious place to wash off the stigma of Ravana's death. It is said that Sita proved her purity & assimilated in the pious soil of Naimish.Sitapur district was always politically awakened. In the first Freedom Fight in 1857 this district played an important role. During 1857 Arya Samaj & Seva Samiti- had established their organisations in the district. In 1921 thousands of people of Sitapur took part in Gandhiji's Non-Cooperation Movement. Gandhiji came to Sitapur in 1925 & appealed to cooperate in the Freedom Movement at Lalbagh. many National leaders- Maulana Mohammad Ali, Pandit Motilal, Pt. Jawaharlal were also present.
The climate is warm and temperate inSitapur. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwa. In Sitapur, the average annualtemperature is 24.9 °C. Precipitation here averages 1193 mm.